e a m harris

Roaming the byways of literature

Archive for the tag “women writers”

Deaths of literary greats

Every now and then I look through the lists on a website called HistoryOrb. It has a section, Today in History, which lists anniversaries of historical events and the births and deaths of famous people.

Today the list of deaths is far longer than for births. Does that mean we don’t know when some famous people are born? Or that being born on 16th July is not auspicious if one wants to become famous?

One name on the death list caught my eye – Carol Shields. I hadn’t realised that she had died, and was sorry to read that bald statement:

2003 – Carol Shields, Canadian author (b. 1935)

Some years ago I read a couple of her books and found them strange but appealing. I have always had the vague intention of reading more. Now I know that her life’s work is complete.

But it is still available. I can go down the road to the local bookshop or library and savour again the products of a brilliant mind.

It makes me wonder how many other literary greats have slipped out of the world leaving nothing – because they were illiterate, suppressed by culture or politics, or lived so long ago that their books have vanished in fires and floods.


The first professional woman writer in England

I have a wonderful book – Poem for the Day edited by Nicholas Albery. Not only does it give a poem for each day of the year (plus leap year), but also a whole collection of poetry-related snippets.

Today is the anniversary of the death of Aphra Behn (1640 to 16th April 1689). What a lady! In a relatively short life, by modern standards, she fitted in travel, marriage, widowhood, work as a spy and a stint in debtors’ prison, as well as writing plays, novels and poems. She was one of the first women to earn enough by writing to support herself. She was sympathetic to Catholics (at a time when Catholics were seriously unpopular), and was one of the first to write against the horrors of slavery.

She was no saint and has had plenty of criticism in her day and since. But her fame lives on – both for her writing and her feminism. Virginia Woolf wrote of her:

All women together ought to let flowers fall upon
the tomb of Aphra Behn, …for it was she who earned
them the right to speak their minds.

Like many other famous spies, there are mysterious gaps in her biography. These have allowed later authors to invent incidents and include her in their stories. She even appears in the science fiction series Riverworld by Jose Phillip Farmer.

Most of her poems are about love. Love Armed, below, is one of the shorter ones.

Love Armed

Love in fantastic triumph sate
Whilst bleeding hearts around him flow’d,
For whom fresh pains he did create
And strange tyrannic power he show’d:
From thy bright eyes he took his fires,
Which round about in sport he hurl’d;
But ’twas from mine he took desires
Enough t’ undo the amorous world.

From me he took his sighs and tears,
From thee his pride and cruelty;
From me his languishments and fears,
And every killing dart from thee.
Thus thou and I the god have arm’d
And set him up a deity;
But my poor heart alone is harm’d,
Whilst thine the victor is, and free!

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